Critical Pedagogy 3.0

Through the method of curation, we arrive at the convergence of critical pedagogy and pedagogy 3.0.

The “critical” in Critical Pedagogy 3.0 refers to the ability to recognise, analyse and critique the social, cultural and political processes that are a part of knowledge production. Championed by Paulo Freire, bell hooks and Henry Giroux, among others, at the centre of critical pedagogy is an understanding of the unjust operations of power. For example, critical pedagogues teach students to think critically about their education situation, recognise it as a structure of authority, be actively engaged in holding it accountable, and make change through participation and self-empowerment. Critical pedagogy demands that educators actively transform oppressive practices and structures making education democratic, emancipatory, and empowering to all students.

Following on from the user-generated content revolution of Web 2.0, Web 3.0 bespeaks the new connective intelligence of computing. The “3.0” in Critical Pedagogy 3.0 builds on this in relation to new ways education can be accessed and our expanding ideas of what counts as legitimate educational texts and approaches in an online environment. Jackie Gerstein (2013) defines pedagogy 3.0 a connectivist and heutagogical approach to teaching and learning. “The teachers, learners, networks, connections, media, resources, tools create a unique entity that has the potential to meet individual learners’, educators’, and even societal needs. Many resources for Education 3.0 are literally freely available for the taking”.

With this in mind, I have created this dynamic resource featuring a selection of articles to inspire pedagogy and assist with creating, curating and delivering educational materials to tertiary level students in the era of Web 3.0. Resources cover a variety of topics including multimodal literacies, digital curation, eLearning, differentiated instruction and peer assessment which will be of particular relevance to my colleagues teaching CIU modules at SAE.

Headline for Critical Pedagogy 3.0
Open Access Teaching & Learning Journals

A list of peer-reviewed open access journals and academic texts featuring current scholarship on teaching and learning theories, practices and technologies by researchers and practitioners working in higher education. | Hybrid Pedagogy, Radical Pedagogy, The International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, Journal of University Teaching & Learning Practice, and JOLT - Journal of Online Learning and Teaching

The Pedagogy Project

 This project started when several professors asked for specific suggestions on digital or collaborative projects they could do with their students. We asked the HASTAC Scholars to provide specific assignments, in-class exercises and other projects. The response was awesome - over 80 specific and proven suggestions to shake up your syllabus!

The Pedagogy Project is organized into nine sections, with numerous examples of projects, assignments and concepts in each area. Many of the projects overlap into different sections, so take some time to explore each of them!

Multiliteracies in the Undergraduate Digital Humanities Curriculum: Skills, Principles, and Habits of Mind

In 2012, digital humanities has multiple established and emerging centers, tenured professors, programs, and initiatives, its own book series and journals, and its own funding office at the National Endowment for the Humanities. The New York Times and robust Twitter, Facebook and blogging communities host fervent debates about defining the field and the nature of digital humanities work and considering who—computer scientists, new media critics, tenured English and history professors, undergraduates, graduates, alternative career scholars, women, queer, transgender, people of color—takes advantage of these new and limited resources.4 In all regards, in discussing how we define the field and who or what we include in it, we must also consider what students should do and should learn in a digital humanities program. This chapter will explore this question (the why, the how, and the what students should learn) by discussing three interconnected topics that influence the development of undergraduate digital humanities curricula: the history of digital humanities as a history tied to curriculum development; the role that institutional infrastructure is playing in program development; and current notions of “digital literacy” in undergraduate education.

Ch 15 from Digital Humanities Pedagogy: Practices, Principles and Politics

How to Build an Online Learning Community (In 2021)

To help your students get the education they deserve, building a community within the online classroom is a solid way to get them thinking, interacting, and learning. But building an online learning community is not easy. Here, you'll find 8 ways to show you to build an engaged community for your online school.

Creating Multimodal Texts

Storytelling in any format is about making meaning. While the essence of the stories we tell may remain the same, the ways in which we can now share these stories have changed dramatically with the development of digital communication technologies. Access to simple, easy to use media production tools and resources in conjunction with the potential for immediate and universal online publication has significant implications for literacy thinking and practice. This website is an evolving compilation of resources designed to support the development of student multimodal authoring at all year levels. It features examples of different types of student multimodal compositions to demonstrate the rich variety of choices available, along with practical resources to support text production.

Creating a Community from Behind a Computer Screen

To help your students get the education they deserve, building a community within the classroom is a solid way to get them thinking, interacting, and learning.

Digital Pedagogy Lab

Digital Pedagogy Lab is part of the educational outreach of the Hybrid Pedagogy Inc. non-profit and focuses on the implementation of critical digital pedagogy in education at all levels. Our open-access peer-reviewed journal champions the voices of often unheard teachers and learners. We also offer professional development opportunities that prepare learners, educators, librarians, and administrators to teach, collaborate, and think with digital technology.

Getting started with Reflective Practice

Reflecting and responding to your reflections will directly affect your students as you change and adapt your teaching. You will reteach and reassess the lessons you have taught, and this will allow students the chance to gain new skills and strengthen learning. Creating evaluation models will help you to know whether the actions you have taken have had the intended effect.

This Cambridge University Guide provides a comprehensive overview of reflective practice models and techniques and presents an irrefutable account of the benefits of teacher-reflection.


learning.futures is about re-engineering subjects to enable students to experience a seamless integration of the best of online and face-to-face on campus learning. learning.futures is characterised by the practices developed through the Learning2014 initiative. These practices aim to combine the best of online and face-to-face teaching and make use of the new spaces on campus that have been designed to accommodate approaches such as flipped learning and collaborative learning.

Digital curation: Opportunities for learning, teaching, research and professional development

The concept of digital curation has evolved from its original use. While the digital preservation of artifacts is still the primary domain of digital curation, due to Web 2.0/social media applications it has allowed anyone to easily create a topic centered library online to share with the world. Assets found online can now be quickly collated into a visually appealing web site using freely available tools. This descriptive paper explores the potential use of digital curation within three tertiary institutions.

Teaching in a Digital Age

This is a Creative Commons book which examines the underlying principles that guide effective teaching in an age when all of us, and in particular the students we are teaching, are using technology. A framework for making decisions about your teaching is provided, while understanding that every subject is different, and every instructor has something unique and special to bring to their teaching.The book enables teachers and instructors to help students develop the knowledge and skills they will need in a digital age: not so much the IT skills, but the thinking and attitudes to learning that will bring them success.

Web Writing: Why and How for Liberal Arts Teaching and Learning

Web Writing: Why and How for Liberal Arts Teaching and Learning by Jack Dougherty and Tennyson O'Donnell.

Using Blogs in the Classroom

Blogging can improve students’ writing skills and build their confidence as writers. By blogging, students can take ownership of their writing, become better observers of others’ writing, and develop a more immediate and powerful understanding of audience. Blogs encourage experimenting and risk-taking, seriousness and play, and they foster an increased awareness of private and public writing. Blogging blends both the freeing aspect of short pieces that can be written in a relatively low-stakes environment with the sense of claiming one’s own voice and learning how to develop analysis and articulate ideas to a larger public. Guided by clear expectations of what is required in a class blog, students can see their writing develop over the course of the term. This handout describes strategies for using blogs as a writing tool in the classroom.

Bogging Beyond the Classroom

Blogging Beyond the Classroom is an online forum for exchanging ideas and swapping experiences of learning and teaching with blogging and other social media. It aims to help students & teachers in HE explore blogging as a learning & communication tool. Helen Rogers set up the site with the support of a Teaching Development Grant from the Higher Education Academy.

Blended Learning: Resource Roundup

We've collected resources from Edutopia and the web to help you navigate the possibilities of blended learning, an approach that combines face-to-face instruction with technology-mediated learning.

eLearning Industry

At eLearning Industry you will find the best collection of eLearning articles, eLearning concepts, eLearning software, and eLearning resources. Post your eLearning article.

Learning and Teaching at Navitas

A website where our inspiring people at Navitas share their Learning & Teaching stories, initiatives, projects, events and more. Use this site to kick-start your own conversations, connections and collaborations here at Navitas!

Instructional Approaches

"Effective teaching is not a set of generic practices, but instead is a set of context-driven decisions about teaching. Effective teachers do not use the same set of practices for every lesson . . . Instead, what effective teachers do is constantly reflect about their work, observe whether students are learning or not, and, then adjust their practice accordingly (Glickman, 1991, p. 6).

Flipping the Classroom

“Flipping the classroom” has become something of a buzzword in the last several years, driven in part by high profile publications in The New York Times (Fitzpatrick, 2012); The Chronicle of Higher Education (Berrett, 2012); and Science (Mazur, 2009); In essence, “flipping the classroom” means that students gain first exposure to new material outside of class, usually via reading or lecture videos, and then use class time to do the harder work of assimilating that knowledge, perhaps through problem-solving, discussion, or debates.

Find out why and how it works....

The Power of Visuals in eLearning

We are now in the age of visual information where visual content plays a role in every part of life. As 65 percent of the population is visual learners, images are clearly key to engaging people in eLearning courses. Moving and still images have been included in learning materials for decades, but only now has faster broadband, cellular networks, and high-resolution screens made it possible for high-quality images to be a part of eLearning visual design. Graphic interfaces made up of photos, illustrations, charts, maps, diagrams, and videos are gradually replacing text-based courses. In this post, we will dig deep into some statistics and facts to further convince of why eLearning developers should embrace visuals when creating their courses.

Stepping it Up- Learning About Blogs FOR your Students

A guide (in several parts) for teacher, new to blogs and blogging with their students. The guide will be based on the assumption, that in order for a teacher to facilitate quality student blogs, the teacher needs to have their own understanding of quality blog writing.

Moodle Tool Guide for Teachers

This poster size guide for teachers allows you to compare the functionality and pedagogical advantages of some standard Moodle tools, adding a column to indicate how tricky the tool is to set up.

Manage your Moodle | Documents and Guides

Everything you need to know to help tutors set up their Moodle.

Moodle 3.0 the next stable release of the most popular open source LMS "Moodle" is fully packed with new features and lot of improvements.

Give your Moodle a Makeover

Give your Moodle a makeover and embed social content in your online classroom. This post is about embedding your curated content in a Moodle using four of my favourite services: Twitter, Pinterest, Youtube and Storify. With these tools you can Keep reading...

Pinterest Pedagogy for Higher Education

Digital curation is has become somewhat of a buzz word within higher education in recent times. However, its value is far from fleeting. Digital curation has been defined as: “An active process whereby content/artefacts are purposely selected to be preserved for future access. In the digital environment, additional elements can be leveraged, such as the inclusion of social media…the ability for other users to suggest content…and the critical evaluation and selection of the aggregated content” (Antonio, Martin & Stagg, 2012). For this reason, it is a valuable asset for teaching media literacy within higher education settings. This diagram illustrates how one platform, Pinterest, may be used this way.

A Guide to Peer and Self Assessment

Peer and self assessment is an effective way to engender engagement and develop learning communities. This article provides a good introduction facilitating this process.

Peer Assessment Learning Sciences

Peer assessment is a process through which students and instructors share in the evaluation of student work. It can have many different forms. Researchers find that peer assessment deepens students’ understanding of their own learning and empowers students to become more actively engaged and self-directed in their learning processes (Falchikov, 2005; Sivan, 2000).

A Starter Kit for Differentiated Instruction

I have combed through tons of online resources on how to differentiate instruction, and have put together this collection of the clearest, most high-quality books, articles, videos and documents for learning how to differentiate in your classroom. Continue Reading →

Top tools to help dyslexic learners

It is Dyslexia Awareness Week and this year’s theme ‘Beyond Words’ highlights the range of difficulties people with dyslexia can face when trying to access education. 

The Maker Movement is about Making Meaning

The maker movement as I understand it isn’t about robots or 3D Printing or STEM or even building things. It’s a new Renaissance, post-industrial, that is led by each person and every person being fluent with the idea of meaning making, ethics, politics of technology, and conscientization.

Hands on project based learning is a primary example of the reawakening process in action. It is like a school which doesn’t have text books going back to first sources only reading actual authors. But there is a source even more primary which is the conversation with material itself, probing human psychology and social reality directly through action and experimentation, through projects and so vicscerally: the creation of physical artifacts, which is just the most concrete expression of the making of meaning.

A guide to choosing apps for the classroom

I found this great list of apps and tech tools that are organised based on the task you want students to accomplish.

The Moodle Lesson Activity truly is an amazing content creator

Not many Moodlers use the Lesson Activity in Moodle.  Mostly because it’s neither a brilliant quiz engine nor a replacement for the book module.  But when you combine both these elements and spend a bit of time on the design you can create engaging, interactive learning packages that can stand their own against popular content creation tools, and best of all, it’s authored natively in Moodle.

Thoughts on teaching theory to undergrads

Recently, my friend Annie Petersen took advantage of one of Twitter’s best functions for academics: crowdsourcing syllabus recommendations. Annie was looking for readings that provide a good introduction to semiotics, but are not impenetrable to novice students. I recommended this online visual essay by Tom Streeter (another friend of mine), which I’ve found quite useful for introducing students to key ideas and terms while remaining accessible and clear. In our brief exchange, Annie mentioned that she was entering this “vast uncharted space” in teaching theory at her new job at Whitman College, both for the students because the curriculum is more focused on history and criticism, and for her because she’s never taught a theory-centered course before.

Society for Research into Higher Education

The Society for Research into Higher Education is a UK-based international learned society concerned to advance understanding of higher education, especially through the insights, perspectives and knowledge offered by systematic research and scholarship. The Society aims to be the leading international society in the field, as to both the support and the dissemination of research.

Lost (and Found) in Translation: What Online Students Want

Institutions offering online learning must translate the traditional classroom space into the online one based on what the students want and need.

Key Takeaways

  • Institutions offering online learning must translate the traditional classroom space into the online one based on what the students want and need.
  • More than any other goals, students want connections and a sense of community in their online courses.
  • Effectively translating student wants and needs to online learning increases their likelihood of success in their online courses and in pursuing higher education.
Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers

Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers by Michael A. Caulfield is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

iTeachU: eCampus Faculty Support

iTeachU is an eCampus resource for faculty who teach online support at University of Alaska Fairbanks.

Faculty Self-Assessment: Preparing for Online Teaching

This self-assessment for online teaching will allow you to evaluate and reflect upon your competencies in key areas of online teaching and provide a baseline of your pedagogical, technical, and administrative skills. As part of your results, you will receive additional guidance/resources for each competency to better prepare you for the online teaching environment.

To Boost Higher-Order Thinking, Try Curation | Cult of Pedagogy

If no one has ever encouraged, pushed, or insisted that you build more higher-order thinking into your students’ learning, it’s possible you’ve been teaching in a cave. Higher-level thinking has been a core value of educators for decades. We learned about it in college. We hear about it in PD. We’re even evaluated on whether we’re cultivating it in our classrooms: Charlotte Danielson’s Framework for Teaching, a widely used instrument to measure teacher effectiveness, describes a distinguished teacher as one whose “lesson activities require high-level student thinking” (Domain 3, Component 3c). All that aside, most teachers would say they want their students to be thinking on higher levels, that if our teaching kept students at the lowest level of Bloom’s Taxonomy—simply recalling information—we wouldn’t be doing a very good job as teachers.

And yet, when it’s time to plan the learning experiences that would have our students operating on higher levels, some of us come up short. We may not have a huge arsenal of ready-to-use, high-level tasks to give our students. Instead, we often default to having students identify and define terms, label things, or answer basic recall questions. It’s what we know. And we have so much content to cover, many of us might feel that there really isn’t time for the higher-level stuff anyway. If this sounds anything like you, I have a suggestion: Try a curation assignment.

Dealing with Difficult Students in the Online Classroom

This is an interesting video, and I appreciate the suggestions. I recognize these behaviors in students, however I believe they are just that - behaviors, not types of students. I'm not comfortable with labeling students as if these are character traits; I also believe that labeling such as this may prevent an instructor from noticing changes to behavior or more nuanced responses, and may actually reinforce behaviors by creating negative expectations. As a parent and instructor I have seen this type of labeling be harmful and hurtful to students. It would be interesting to think of ways to rephrase this with a focus on the behavior.

A New Pedagogy Is Emerging... and Online Learning Is a Key Contributing Factor |

One and a half billon students around the world, according to UNESCO, were engaged in remote learning at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020. Some students were able to access the Internet to do so, but not all. The majority of students around the world, who have access to smartphones, are able to use these as learning devices. Others are more fortunate and have tablets, laptops or desktops. Their instructors, some with no previous experience of teaching online or at a distance, discovered new approaches to teaching and learning and imaginative work was undertaken to overcome the very real challenges this current reality gives rise to.

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