In this lesson, we will take a look at an intellectual movement from the mid-twentieth century called poststructuralism. Like postmodernism, poststructuralism is a critique of the movement that came before it, structuralism. Taking issue with operations of power such as the hierarchal ways that structuralism ordered and privileged certain ideas about people, society and culture over others, poststructural thinkers were critical of authoritative sources and preferred to deconstruct texts and the systems of knowledge that produced them. Put simply, poststructuralism is an approach to understanding how and why we know what we know and who benefits from us knowing and reproducing it.